Maths in Key Stage 1

This is a guide to the steps your child will experience in Maths lessons. We believe that all children, when introduced to a key new concept, should have the opportunity to build competency in this topic by taking this approach:

Concrete (Developing Conceptual Understanding) - children should have the opportunity to use concrete objects and manipulatives to help them understand what they are doing.

Pictorial (with jottings) - children should then build on this concrete approach by using pictorial representations. These representations can then be used to reason and solve problems.

Abstract (mental) - with the foundations firmly laid children should then be able to move to an abstract approach using numbers and key concepts with confidence.

Number is at the heart of everything we do and a large proportion of time is spent reinforcing number to build competency. Fluency, reasoning and problem solving are key elements of the curriculum and are incorporated into every lesson.

We always encourage children to ask themselves these questions:

Can I do this in my head?

What practical equipment could I use to help me?

Could I do this in my head using drawings or jottings to help me?

Can I use a written method?

What is the most sensible strategy I could use?


For further information on the specific ways that we teach addition, subtraction, multiplication and division in school please read the following documents.  It is probably quite different to the way you were taught at school so if you have any questions or don't understand a method we use please ask your child's class teacher.  They will be happy to help.